Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease is primarily caused by hardened tartar at the gum line is the leading cause of gum disease. Gingivitis is the earliest stage of periodontal disease. Initial symptoms include red or inflamed gums that bleed easily during brushing and flossing as well as chronic issues with bad breath.
Left unchecked gingivitis can develop into the more advanced form of periodontal disease known as periodontitis. This advanced form of gum disease poses serious dangers to your oral health and can even impact other medical conditions.
Periodontitis can cause your gums to pull back from the base of your teeth, creating pockets of infection deep within the gum tissues. If it is not caught and resolved in time it can even cause a loss of structure in the bones that anchor your teeth.
Chronic, systemic inflammation caused by periodontitis can also tax your immune system. Recent research has found that this can related to other medical conditions including diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer. Even though periodontal disease cannot not cause these conditions, they do seem to have some level of impact or can limit your treatment options.
If you have questions about periodontitis, or you are concerned that you might have developed gum disease, please feel free to call Crosby Dental Center at 281-328-3569 so we can help you explore your treatment options.